On Tuesday, the United States Supreme Court will hear oral argument in United States v. Microsoft Corp., No. 17-2, which will decide “[w]hether a United States provider of email services must comply with a probable-cause-based warrant issued under 18 U.S.C. § 2703 by making disclosure in the United States of electronic communications within that provider’s control, even if the provider has decided to store that material abroad.” The merits briefing is available on the Supreme Court’s website here (link is external).
The second argument scheduled for Tuesday is Lozman v. City of Rivera Beach, Florida, 17-21, which is a § 1983 case about “whether the existence of probable cause defeats a First Amendment retaliatory-arrest claim as a matter of law.” Briefing on the merits is available at the Supreme Court’s website here (link is external).
A year-end analysis of by the Brennan Center for Justice, titled Crime in 2017: Updated Analysis, directly undercuts any claims that there is a nationwide crime wave. According to the report, “[a]ll measures of crime in the 30 largest American cities—the overall crime rate, violent crime rate, and murder rate—are estimated to decline in 2017,” although there are some cities where violence has increased, like Chicago and Charlotte. Here are some key findings of the Brennan Center’s analysis:
- The overall crime rate in the 30 largest cities in 2017 is estimated to decline slightly from 2016, falling by 2.7 percent.
- The violent crime rate will also decrease slightly, by 1.1 percent, essentially remaining stable.
- The 2017 murder rate in the 30 largest cities is estimated to decline by 5.6 percent. Large decreases this year in Chicago (down 11.9 percent) and Detroit (down 9.8 percent), as well as small decreases in other cities, contributed to this decline. New York City’s murder rate will also decline again, to 3.3 killings per 100,000 people.
- Some cities are projected to see their murder rates rise, including Charlotte (54.6 percent) and Baltimore (11.3 percent).